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英语词汇用法:小小time,考试成重点,提高成绩和分数,都要掌握


  time词虽简单,用法却很多,在考题中频频出现。笔者根据考试大纲及考题对time的用法作一总结,供同学们学习和复习时参考。
英语学习
  一、time的多种词义
  1、作“时间”讲,是不可数名词。
  The world exists in space and time.世界存在于空间和时间之中。
  Time heals all wounds.时间能医治一切创伤。
  Time has not been kind to her looks.岁月无情,她已失去昔日的美貌。
  2、作“一段时间,时期”讲,可作可数名词或不可数名词。
  What a (long) time you've been!你花费那么长的时间了!
  I had a most unpleasant time at the dentist's.我在牙医那里受了大罪。
  That will take time.那要花些时间。
  If there were no examinations, we would have ______at school.
  A. the happiest time
  B. a more happier time
  C. much happiest time 
  D. a much happier time
  [析]据题意time应表示“一段时光”,不特指,故答案是D。
  3、作“时刻,钟点”讲时是不可数名词。
  What time is it?几点钟了?
  Do you have the time (on you)?你知道现在几点了吗?
  4、作“次数,次”讲时是可数名词。
  How many times have you been to Beijing?你到北京去过几次了?
  Don't all speak at once! _______, please.
  A. Each at one time
  B. One by one time
  C. One for each time
  D. One at a time
  [析]“一次”说成once,“两次”说成twice/two times,两次以上均用基数词+times表示。“每次”常说成each time。表示次数的词组前通常不用介词。选项A中的at one time意为“从前,一度”;选项B中的one by one意为“一个接一个”,time是多余的;选项C中的for是多余的;选项D中的at a time意为“依次,逐一,每次”。答案是D。再例如:
  Don't try to do everything at once; take it a bit at a time.不要什么事情都一块儿干,要一次做一点儿。
  5、作“倍”讲,可数名词。用于表示三倍以上的比较。   This room is five times larger than that one. =This room is five times as large as that one. =The room is five time the>  Paper produced every year is ________ the world's production of vehicles.
  A. the three times weight of
  B. three times the weight of
  C. as three times heavy as
  D. three times as heavier as
  [析]答案是B。
  二、由time构成的短语
  1、all the time一直,始终
  That letter I was searching for was in my pocket all the time.我找的那封信其实一直就在我的口袋里。
  He's a business man all the time.他一直是做生意的。
  2、from time to time不时地
  When he ran forward he looked behind from time to time.向前跑的时候他不时的向后看。
  3、have a good time玩得好;过得很高兴
  We had a party last weekend and had a good time.我们上周举办了一个晚会,玩得很高兴。
  4、at the same time同时;但;然而
  Don't all speak at the same time.大家别同时说。
  She was laughing and crying at the same time.他一面哭一面笑。
  You've got to be firm, but at the same time you must be sympathetic.你态度强硬,但还必须有同情心。
  5、in time及时(在约定的时刻之前);最终,迟早
  Will I be in time for the train?我赶得上那趟火车吗?
  I'll be there in time.我将及时赶到那儿。
  You'll learn how to do it in time.你早晚能会做这件事的。
  If you keep on, you'll succeed _______.
  A. in time
  B. at one time
  C. at the same time
  D. on time
  [析]题意为“只要你坚持,你迟早会成功的”,答案是A。
  6、on time准时(在约定的时间点上)
  The train arrived on time.火车正点到达。
  7、at one time一度,从前
  At one time I used to go skiing every winter.从前我一到冬季就去滑雪。
  8、a long time很久(可用作状语,其前可省略介词)
  She waited there (for) a long time.她在那儿等了很久。
  Have you been here a long time?你在这儿很久了吗?
  We waited ______for the bus.
  A. long time
  B. a long time
  C. the long time
  D. some long time
  [析]答案是B。
  9、at a time每次
  A whale may eat a ton of them at a time, and may enjoy four meals a day.(SEFC 2B P.22)一只鲸一次就能吞食一吨(小鱼),并且一天要吃四餐。
  10、at that time当时
  It was said that only three people in the world could understand it at that time.据说当时世界上只有三个人能理解它(相对论)。
  三、由time构成的常见句型
  1、It is time for sth(n., pron., v-ing)
  It's time for supper.该吃晚饭了。
  It's time for the meeting.是开会的时候了。
  2、It is time (for sb.) to do sth.(it代替不定式作主语,for引出不定式的逻辑主语。此句型可与句型1.相互转换)
  It's time (for John) to have supper.(约翰)该吃晚饭了。
  It's time (for us) to have the meeting.是(我们)开会的时候了。
  3、It's (high, about) time +(that)从句(从句用一般过去时,可与句型1.,2.相互转换)
  It's time (that) John had supper.约翰该吃晚饭了。
  It's high time we left.我们该走了。
  It's time (that) I went and picked up my little girl from school.我该去学校接我的小女儿了。
  4、It(this, that) is the first(second...) time+(that)从句(主句是一般现在时,从句用现在完成时;主句是一般过去时,从句用过去完成时)
  This is the first time that I have been in Shanghai.这是我第一次来上海。
  That was the fourth time that Mrs. Brown had visited the Great Wall.那是布朗夫人第四次游长城。
  --Do you know our town at all?
  --No, this is the first time I ______here.
  A. was
  B. have been
  C. came
  D. am coming
  [析]答案是B。
  5、by the time+(that)从句(到......时为止)
  By the time he was fourteen, he had learned maths all by himself.(SEFC 2B P.2)他十四岁时已经自学了数学。
  四、time词组的连词用法
  这些词组的意义相当于when/whenever/as soon as等表示时间关系的连词,但要比这些连词表示的时间概念精确。这些连词化的名词词组前不可再加介词,尤其当词组中有first, last, that, this等词时。如果这些词组引导的从句表示将来时间,要用一般时态表示就来时间。
  1、the time(minute, moment...)+(that)从句(意为“一......就......”)
  The time he comes, I'll ring you up.他一来我就给你打电话。
  2、the first(second...,next, last) time +(that)从句[从句用一般过去时,意为“第一(二......)次,下一次,最后一次”]
  I recognized him at once the first time we met.我们第一次见面时我就立即认出了他。
  I thought her nice and honest_______ I met her.
  A. first time
  B. for the first time
  C. the first time
  D. by the first time
  [析]答案是C。
  The last time I______ Jane she _______cotton in the fields.
  A. had saw; was picking
  B. saw; picked
  C. had seen; picked
  D. saw; was picking
  [析]答案是D。
  3、each(every)time +(that)从句(从句用一般现在时间或一般过去时,意为“每次”)
  Each time I saw her, she was making up.我每次见她她都在化妆。
  4、any time +(that)从句(意为“任何时候,无论何时”)
  Come and see us any time you are in Beijing.无论何时你来到北京都要来看我们。
  (段惠彬 原载于《中学英语园地(高三版)》2000年第2期)
  本文由书生小二郎原创。小二郎在省重点高中从事英语教学20余年,所带班级高考重点率在93.5%以上,多名学生考入香港大学、北京大学、清华大学、浙江大学、北京外国语大学等名校,擅长指导学生短期内快速提高英语能力和考试成绩。
  好书帮助更快地提高英语学习能力和成绩,小伙伴可以根据自己的情况从下列官网图书中选择适合自己的。
  #英语词汇用法#

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